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What Is Metal Fabrication Used For

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  • 11-11-2021
What Is Metal Fabrication Used For

What is metal fabrication is used for? Find out more about the different types of metal fabrication and industries that make use of it in the UK.

What is Metal Fabrication?

Metal fabrication is the manufacturing process that professionals in the field use to carefully shape, cut or mould metals into specific components or store products. The metal fabrication industry employs various methods and techniques to form sheet metals into goods and parts. 

Many metal fabricators and professionals use metals around 0.25 inches thick. It is then the job of the fabricators to convert the newly formed sheet metal into brand-new hand tools and end products. They fold, cut and shape it to create the finished products.

Although this metal fabrication process is used to mass-produce many commercial and industrial products; however, it is also utilised to create significant issues of customised metal fabricated products. These types of products often include the fabrication and design phase (CAD - Computer-Aided Design) of numerous raw metal parts to fit the needs and requirements of any business.   

One of the vital benefits of custom metal fabrication shops is focusing on and centralising the many processes necessary to develop many vendors, companies, and industries. 

One-stop workshops dealing with metal fabrication help any contractor limit your requirement to work with various vendors to finish their most complex and complicated projects.  

 What Is Metal Fabrication Used For?

Different Types Of Metal Fabrication

Commercial fabrication refers to a whole host of work that helps create various commercial products. The category of industrial metal fabrication covers many goods designed for consumption. 

Cars and appliances are some of the most standard consumer products that use these processes. 

Structural fabrication

Structural fabrication refers to the process of metalworking involved in building. Typically large-scale projects of fabrication create many of the metal components that shops, buildings, manufacturers and skyscrapers use.

Structural fabrication
Industrial fabrication

Industrial fabrication

Industrial fabrication also creates pieces and equipment for more dangerous industries. The kit in question includes bandsaws and many different forms of ironworking machines. Manufacturers use and sell many final products that involve this type of fabrication. 

Each of the categories that utilise these products use varied processes. Metal fabrication can sometimes only use one of these processes or, on certain occasions, it may use a combination of many techniques to reach a final produced result. 

Many metal projects require several steps to achieve the result. Even relatively straightforward products to make, such as a pan or pot, require multiple techniques. The metal fabrication or production process involves so much more than shaping metals.

What does the metal fabrication process look like?

Metal fabrication involves various complicated methods and processes that allow metal sheets can be shaped, cut, sheared, folded and moulded into brand-new products and pieces of equipment for commercial and industrial businesses. 

Professionals can make each part and component they develop suit every kind of company requirement. 

It may be household appliances like light fixtures, desks and desk tools, utensils, chairs, and other necessities they sell or need to comfort or perform their job. 

Fabricating turns raw materials used into pre-made pieces and shapes for assembly and domestic use.

metal fabrication process

Arguably one of the most common types of metal fabrication processes involves the act of cutting. Cutting involves sheets of metal split directly into two halves, thirds or even more delicate sections.

In numerous applications, the metal you choose to cut is freshly created and must be shaped in the long run into something particular. 

You can submit pre-shaped metals such as measured panels and bars for the laser cutting process. Professionals can skilfully perform cuts on a wide range of machinery, including plasma torches and lasers, to even more elaborate high-tech devices. 

Folding is a relatively complicated form of metal fabrication processing, and this is where a metal surface gets manipulated to form shapes at specific angles.

Professionals strive to fold on the metal surface at 90 degrees when it comes to specific folding applications.

They may even choose something less or more blunt. However, folding can only be accurately performed in facilities with various high-tech equipment as the process is incredibly complex.

In multiple cases where folds are often required for certain shapes, combining two metal panels at specific angles can be a much more practical alternative to this process.

Alongside the cutting process, welding is another popular process in the metal fabrication world and crafts enthusiasts. Welding wire processes involve the joining of two utterly different plate metal parts, and these parts can either be panels, bars, sheets or other shapes.

As long as the parts are made specifically from metals, anything is possible. Through numerous tool types and methods, welding is achievable via a skilled welder. You can weld by applying heat across many points where the pieces are to be connected. 

When a machine is being utilised to remove various portions from a specific metal, it is called machining or CNC machining. Generally, this process uses a lathe to perform this task; it rotates the desired metal against the tools and trims the edges and corners skilfully.

Over time, it formulates into different shapes or measurements. There are other machining cases; either one hole or many holes get formed through the surface of the metal. They can do this by utilising a CNC (Computer Numerical Controlled) machining tool.

The oldest style of metal fabrication is known as casting. The casting process involves molten metal, which gets poured into a mould, left to solidify to become a specific form. It is a flexible method or technique of metal fabrication, and casting is suitable for complex desired shape making of a wide range.

It can often solve many fabrication issues that professionals in various industries face, which many other methods cannot solve efficiently. Assembly parts that require folding, stamping or shearing. Some of the most popular metals involved in this application include gold, copper, silver, magnesium, iron, and stainless steel. 

Holes are formed in pieces of metal during the machining or punching process; metal gets placed underneath a die device and is punched through a drill. To ensure your punch holes to be of the right size, the circumstances of your drill or chosen tool has to be able to slot perfectly into the die.

Punching holes into a metal can often help fasten the latches or other unknown components. There are two categories or intentions of those professionals choosing to punch holes into their pieces. In other application cases, you can extract the metal area with the gap from a much more extensive panel to form a minor hole or part. 

The process can be referred to as shearing for those metal sheets that require plenty of extended cuts. In many cases, the metal sheet horizontally passes through the cutting machine. Cutting tools are mainly applied vertically across the entire length of the flat sheet.

The third shearing method can involve placing your metal on top of the edge of the open cutter or by lowering the blade, similar to the paper cutters that you find in many facilities. Shearing is applied to metals to trim down their edges; however, you cannot apply this style along the metal edge. 

However, punching is not the only form of the metal fabrication process that uses a die. In specific applications, the intention is not for forming holes, like punching, but it allows professionals to raise portions of their sheet metal without piercing the surface.

For these applications, stamping can create particular shapes, images or letters on top of your metal panels or sheets. Metal stamping is much like relief carving in marble or wood. A vital essential example of metal stamping is coins, as you can print presidents or royals faces, currency amounts or engrave words on nickels, dimes, quarters, pennies and pounds.

Industries That Use Metal Fabrication

Metal fabrication has its applications in a variety of commercial businesses and industries. The versatility of the finishing processes and tools used means that professionals can use it to create many parts for numerous different industries such as spa furniture, cars and agriculture. 


Agricultural industries

Alternative energy



Consumer products

Military and defence

Original equipment manufacturers

Recreational vehicles

Various others

Fabrication can be associated with companies and industries that deal with automotive and heavy equipment. Professionals worldwide and in the UK make a wide range of car parts, caps and valves, alongside various engine components. They will also utilise its properties to manufacture plane components.

Are you looking for Metal Fabrication in Kent?

If you require fabrication engineering services in Margate, Kent or the surrounding areas get in touch today. Follow the link below to find out more about our welding services.